IR-1 and CR-1 visas are immigrant visas for spouses of U.S. citizens. Both visas are intended for foreign nationals who are married to U.S. citizens and wish to immigrate to the United States:
Here’s a brief explanation of each:
- IR-1 Visa (Immediate Relative – Spouse of a U.S. Citizen):
- The IR-1 visa is for spouses of U.S. citizens. It is an immigrant visa, which means that once the foreign spouse enters the United States on this visa, they are considered a permanent resident immediately.
- CR-1 Visa (Conditional Resident – Spouse of a U.S. Citizen):
- The CR-1 visa is also for spouses of U.S. citizens, but it comes with a conditional residency status. Initially, the foreign spouse is granted conditional permanent resident status for a period of two years. Towards the end of this two-year period, the couple must jointly petition to remove the conditions on the permanent residency. This is typically done by filing Form I-751, Petition to Remove Conditions on Residence.
The main difference between IR-1 and CR-1 visas is the immediate permanent residency status granted to those with IR-1 visas, while CR-1 visa holders initially receive conditional permanent residency.
In both cases, the U.S. citizen spouse must file a petition on behalf of the foreign spouse with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Once the petition is approved, the foreign spouse can apply for an immigrant visa at a U.S. embassy or consulate in their home country.
What is the application process for applying for IR-1/CR-1 visas?
The application process for IR-1 and CR-1 visas involves several steps, and it generally includes the following:
- File Petition (Form I-130):
- The U.S. citizen spouse must file a petition on behalf of their foreign spouse using Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. This form is submitted to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Along with the form, supporting documents such as marriage certificates, evidence of the bona fide nature of the relationship, and other required documentation must be included.
- USCIS Processing:
- USCIS will review the petition and supporting documents. If additional information or documentation is needed, they may issue a Request for Evidence (RFE). Once the petition is approved, USCIS notifies the petitioner and forwards the approved petition to the National Visa Center (NVC).
- National Visa Center (NVC) Processing:
- The NVC will process the approved petition and inform the petitioner and the foreign spouse when it’s time to submit the visa application forms and supporting documents. The NVC will also provide information on fees and instructions for payment.
- Apply for a Visa at the U.S. Embassy or Consulate:
- After receiving instructions from the NVC, the foreign spouse must complete the visa application forms and submit them along with the required supporting documents to the U.S. embassy or consulate in their home country. This includes medical examinations and police clearances.
- Visa Interview:
- The foreign spouse will attend a visa interview at the U.S. embassy or consulate. During the interview, a consular officer will assess the eligibility of the applicant and determine whether they qualify for the IR-1 or CR-1 visa.
- Receive Visa and Travel to the U.S.:
- If the visa is approved, the foreign spouse will receive the immigrant visa on their passport. They can then travel to the United States. Upon arrival, they will be admitted as a permanent resident.
For CR-1 visa holders, it’s important to note that they will be granted conditional permanent residency, and they must file a joint petition to remove conditions within the two-year period.
What documents must be prepared for an IR-1/CR-1 visa?
The specific documents required for an IR-1 or CR-1 visa application can vary based on individual circumstances and changes in immigration policies. However, here is a general list of documents commonly required during the application process:
- Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative:
- This is the petition filed by the U.S. citizen spouse on behalf of the foreign spouse. Learn more about Form I-130 here.
- Proof of U.S. Citizenship:
- A copy of the U.S. citizen spouse’s passport, birth certificate, or Certificate of Naturalization.
- Proof of the Bona Fide Nature of the Relationship:
- Documents that demonstrate the genuine nature of the marital relationship, such as photographs, joint bank account statements, lease agreements, or other evidence of shared financial responsibilities and living arrangements.
- Marriage Certificate:
- A certified copy of the marriage certificate to establish the legal marriage between the U.S. citizen and the foreign spouse.
- Form DS-260, Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration Application:
- This form is completed online by the foreign spouse after receiving instructions from the National Visa Center (NVC).
- Financial Evidence:
- Proof that the U.S. citizen spouse meets the financial sponsorship requirements, such as recent tax returns, employment verification, and an Affidavit of Support (Form I-864).
- Police Certificates:
- Certificates from the foreign spouse’s country of residence and any other countries where they have lived for an extended period.
- Medical Examination:
- The foreign spouse must undergo a medical examination by an approved panel physician to demonstrate that they do not have any medical conditions that would make them inadmissible to the United States.
- A valid passport for the foreign spouse.
- Visa Photos:
- Passport-sized photographs of the foreign spouse that meet the specific requirements of the U.S. embassy or consulate.
- Application and Visa Fees:
- Payment of required fees for the visa application and processing.